Saturday, August 20, 2016

Understanding the Facts of Bear Hibernation

Bear tours are restricted to times of the year when the animals are not in hibernation. But why and when do bears hibernate? Read on for more.

Most people heading off on bear tours to either Europe or Canada choose this kind of wildlife holiday because they have an existing fascination with these wonderful creatures. Indeed, they really are interesting animals, with intriguing and somewhat complex behaviours. Hibernation is one part of their existence that always proves a popular topic among wildlife enthusiasts.

If you have booked on to one of the range of organised bear tours, you will no doubt be travelling at a time when animals are no longer in hibernation, as you would be unlikely to see any otherwise. But what is hibernation, really, and why do these animals spend months in a deep slumber surviving with no sustenance at all?

Why do Bears Hibernate?

Bears hibernate through pure necessity. Conditions in their habitat can be harsh and, particularly in winter, the animals find it very hard to function efficiently when food is often scarce and temperatures plummet. It is therefore easier and more effective for them to become dormant and sleep through the hard times, thus conserving energy and staying warm. During hibernation their metabolism slows down and fat reserves are used up at a slow and steady rate. They eat and drink nothing when they hibernate and therefore do not need to eliminate waste either.

What About in Captivity?

If you don't get the opportunity to go on any of the fantastic bear tours available, you can always visit a zoo to observe the animals up close and personal. While it’s nowhere near the same experience, bears in captivity do not need to hibernate so you can usually observe them at any time. Food is plentiful, as is water, so therefore the animals do not need to become dormant to survive. They may, however, simply through an evolutionary mechanism, slow down in the wintertime and become more listless and eat less. A bear in captivity displays much the same behaviour as one in the wild and so, due to instinct, it will often sleep during the day. Pregnant bears in captivity usually still hibernate as a way of conserving energy for their offspring.

How Long do they Hibernate?

Hibernation begins in October and comes to an end sometime in April or May. Spring brings with it new growth and a plentiful supply of nutrient-rich food sources, which encourages the reflex to awaken and replenish their reserves.

If you embark on one of the excellent bear tours run by a reputable and experienced wildlife travel company, the trip will be led by an expert guide well versed in the animals' behaviour and their yearly (and daily) cycles. You'll be able to gain a fascinating insight into these wonderful creatures.


About the Author

Marissa Ellis-Snow is a freelance nature writer. If you’re looking for the best bear tours, Naturetrek specialises in expert-led natural history and wildlife tours worldwide. Naturetrek brings over 25 years of experience to polar expeditions and tours to other spectacular regions on Earth.

Friday, August 19, 2016

How to Tell if a Bear is in the Local Area

When exploring bear habitat on a specialised tour, it's helpful to know how recently a bear has been in the area. Here are some clues to look out for.

If you are going on a specialised bear watching holiday, you may be wondering how may animals you'll see, how you will spot them, and how you will know if they are in the local area. If you're travelling with a reputable company you will have a guide with you who is an expert in the bear habitat and its behaviour, but it may be helpful for you to know just what they're looking out for.

Looking for Clues

The first thing to do is to watch out for giveaway clues as to their presence in the area. Obviously, in prime bear habitat areas there will plenty of tracks to tell you if and when an animal has passed through. The fact that there are any tracks at all alerts you to its presence and the freshness of the tracks can tells you how recently it was there.

Another key indicator of their presence is their 'scat' (droppings). By looking at the scat, you can see what the animal has been eating.

Evidence of Digging

Grizzly Bears are known to dig frequently, and if you come across a dig site you will know that one has been in the area - and perhaps still is. Some diggings can be huge, as they will often dig repeatedly in the same place. If you examine the dirt that has been dug up you will be able to establish how recently they have been there. Checking the plants underneath the excavated dirt to see if they are still alive can help determine the timing of their last visit.

Other Signs

If you are hiking through bear habitat on foot you can also keep an eye out for a gathering of crows or ravens in the sky, as this can signify that there is a carcass close by - and possibly a bear (or two or three) enjoying a good feed. Take note of the smell in the air too, as a new carcass can often reek.

Bear habitat is often riddled with trees that have been bitten, rubbed or scraped by the animals marking their territory. Some mark the same trees repeatedly, but often several different animals will mark a tree. They also climb trees so look out for claw marks in the trunks.

One last important thing to look out for is to consider the trail you're on. Bears, like humans, use the same trails over and over again, so they become very marked. The difference between a bear trail and a human one is that the animal's one will be much lower. If you find yourself navigating a fairly well beaten trail but have to duck down frequentlyBusiness Management Articles, it's a reasonable sign it is one also used by something other than humans!


About the Author


Marissa Ellis-Snow is a freelance nature writer. If you’re looking for a tour to visit bear habitat, Naturetrek specialises in expert-led natural history and wildlife tours worldwide. Naturetrek brings over 25 years of experience to polar expeditions and tours to other spectacular regions on Earth.

Friday, August 5, 2016

A Polar Bear's Fight to Survive

According to most evidence gathered by researchers and scientists everywhere, the phenomenon known as global warming is quickly killing off most polar bears. This is not some shaky sort of story either, something built upon an edifice of stilts and other various things and not supportable like objects.

No, according to The Wall Street Journal, these bears are in fact drowning in their own native oceans because of this menace known as global warming. Polar bear drowning used to be so rare that it was rarely at all observed and almost never at all reported. Government agencies are not quick to comment on what might be the cause of the growing climatic and ecological changes.

One does not really need to see much more than the floating dead bodies of polar bears to gain a keen insight into the effect that climatic change is having upon the environment as a whole. Environmentalists who have studied the problem have indicated that government policies towards oil and energy resources have instigated or at least contributed to the deaths of polar bears. Since polar bears have evolved to the point of only hunting on ice and other cold regions, scientists predict that they will go extinct within the next one hundred years, if not sooner.

With less ground to hunt on, they have a smaller source of food to support their populations and thus they will soon die out. There have been so many tragic photographs taken of polar bears clinging desperately to little ice floes that they must call home, that many people desire to do something.

Since the polar bear is designed by nature with not only one but two layers of fur, it is able to survive extremely cold conditions. In fact, they can survive conditions nearing fifty below Fahrenheit - which is exactly why global warming will have such a terrible effect on this beloved species. Their entire body, from their ears to their tails to their manner of hunting is entirely dependent on cold climatic conditions. If everything continues on in the manner predicted by most scientists, then the polar bears may hold no hope. Government agencies are as of now debating heatedly to discuss whether or not to put polar bears on the endangered species list.

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About the Author:

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A Bear Has Poor Eyesight

At Mole Harbor we found evidence that the bears had caught beaver. And then there it was, about one hundred yards beyond our stranded canoe, and a quarter of a mile away from them, a medium-sized grizzly walking boldly out onto the beach. We decided to stalk him, as the wind, for once, was right. A bear has poor eyesight and might even mistake the three people for another bear. We crouched low, hunched our heads over, and moved in single file behind the guide, so that the bear could never see more than one form approaching.

Like a gang of convicts we went, in lock step, toward the unsuspecting mammal, first crunching over the mud and mussels, then splashing through the shallow water. At last the bear lifted his head and looked. Then he continued to waddle slowly toward the channel where the salmon splashed. Not until we were within one hundred yards did he stop to consider. Still the procession kept on, never changing its gait. The bear sat down and scratched himself to appear unconcerned, but it was plain he was puzzled. What was the steadily advancing bulk?

Fear seized him when about eighty yards intervened, and he started for shore on a dead run. Water splashed in all directions beneath his flying paws. We raised cameras and began to shoot. The bear hesitated, doubled his speed, then he stopped again. By this time he was over two hundred yards away, and the camera hunters lowered their cameras with satisfied feelings. It had been a good picture, with plenty of action—the best of the trip. Suddenly, without warning, the bear changed his mind. He would not be out-bluffed by this queer-acting thing. He'd show it, he would!

On a dead run he went back toward the channel, the water flying beneath him as he galloped. At his goal he raised himself on his hind legs to look out on the bay. He'd let this unusual enemy see what a big bear he was! Then he dropped down on all fours and prepared to fish for salmon, but all the time he kept one eye cocked around to see how this maneuver was working. The humans stood still. They did not seem impressed. This was just too much! The grizzly flung around. He stood up again to show his fighting strength. Then he charged. The guide aimed his gun, we our cameras. With terrific speed the bear came, snarling as he rushed. Then it was that the guide's cool voice turned the charge of victory into ignominious defeat with the command: “Stop that, boy! Stop it! Stop it quick!”

And it worked. The bear stopped, confused, turned, and raced off. And we turnedFree Web Content, happy with our photo-trophies.

Thursday, August 4, 2016

An Introduction to the Grizzly Bear

If you're heading off on a bear watching tour in Canada, you should arm yourself with as much information as possible before you go. Although an expert guide will accompany you on the bear watching tour, having some basic facts at your disposal is always a good idea.

Introducing the Grizzly Bear

The Grizzly is actually a subspecies of the Brown Bear, which populates the west of Canada and the north west of the United States. It stands as tall as 2.5 metres and a fully-grown male adult can weigh 360kg.

Sustenance to Live

These animals have very cleverly adapted to their environment, and throughout the changing seasons their behaviour changes to accommodate the conditions. In the warmer months, they eat plenty to stock up their body’s supply of fat so throughout the winter, when they are hibernating, they will have enough energy to survive. A daily feed may equal up to 40kg of food and lead to a weight gain of 1kg over 24 hours. What is most interesting is that they actually get most of their nutrition not from huge amounts of meat, but from nuts, fruit, leaves, insects, and roots. Small animals, such as sheep and rodents as well as fish also make up a small part of their diet. When food is scarcer, they will dig into the ground with their long claws and make good use of their strong shoulder muscles and you may see evidence of this throughout the duration of your bear watching tours.

Shelter for Hibernation

The bears inhabit their dens during the winter months and fall into a deep sleep in order to conserve as much energy as possible to see them through. Their heart rate slows down to just eight beats per minute, and if a female is pregnant during this time, she can even give birth in her sleep.

Skills for Survival

These animals have huge physical and mental strength. They are intelligent, have good memories, and their sense of smell is so good they can detect food from quite a distance away. They also run fast and can swim very well and the young can also climb trees.

Grizzly Bears are, unfortunately, on the threatened wildlife list. Despite being so powerfully equipped, they are no match for the threat incurred from humans. With increased logging encroaching on their habitat and coming into conflict with humans through no fault of their own, their survival is in jeopardy. However, much is currently being done to try to reverse these negative effectsPsychology Articles, and bear watching tours are an excellent way to raise awareness and educate people with regards to their plight.



ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Marissa Ellis-Snow is a freelance nature writer. If you’re looking for bear watching holidays, Naturetrek specialises in expert-led natural history and wildlife tours worldwide. Naturetrek brings over 25 years of experience to polar expeditions and tours to other spectacular regions on Earth.

Sunday, July 31, 2016

Staying Safe in Bear Habitat

When exploring bear habitat it is wise to be aware of how to behave. Here we outline what to consider when in visiting bear country.

When heading out into bear habitat, booking with a reputable and specialised wildlife tour company will ensure your safety at all times. However, it is wise to know a little bit about how to behave and what to do in case you find yourself in a situation in which you are confronted by a bear. There are only a few countries where this could potentially happen, and while it is unlikely on an organised trip to well known bear habitat, it pays to understand a little more

Bears and Humans


There is little doubt that in some parts of the world the human population has encroached on bear habitat, so there is now more of a possibility the two can cross paths, particularly in North America. In Washington State, for example, there are roughly 25,000 of the animals in the wild. In fact, they prefer to avoid human contact and are actually frightened of humans, but if they are surprised or disturbed they can be dangerous. They need to be respected and given the space and time to make their own retreat.

What to Do and What Not to Do

For independent travellers, if you want to avoid an encounter when you are hiking or camping in bear habitat, you must remember to keep a clean camp. Rubbish should be kept in bags or containers that are resistant to wildlife. Food needs to be kept in doubled up plastic bags and should be stored in the boot of the vehicle you are travelling in. You can also put double wrapped food into a rucksack and hang it from a tree at least three metres above the ground and about one and a half metres from the trunk. If you're camping, sleep at least 30 metres from the area you are using for cooking, and make plenty of noise.

A Face to Face Encounter

If you do come face to face with a bear, avoid eye contact, as that can be perceived as a challenge, and therefore a threat. Stay upwind and stand up tall – it's actually a good idea to wave your hands above your head to make yourself appear bigger. Never move towards the animal and give it as much space as you can. If you're unable to move yourself away and the animal doesn’t appear to want to move, clap your hands or shout very loudly.

For those who are travelling to locations specifically to go bear watchingFree Articles, the tour operator and specialised naturalist guides are highly experienced in all safety aspects and you will never find yourself in any danger.

 
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Marissa Ellis-Snow is a freelance nature writer. If you’re looking for a holiday to explore bear habitat, Naturetrek specialises in expert-led natural history and wildlife tours worldwide. Naturetrek brings over 25 years of experience to polar expeditions and tours to other spectacular regions on Earth. 

Friday, July 29, 2016

Teddy Bear Interesting Facts, History and Story

A popular stuffed toy bear, teddy bear is usually stuffed with white, soft cotton and have soft and smooth fur. Im sure many of you have owned this cuddly bear, but have you ever wonder why teddy bear called Teddy? Why not Jimmy or Calvin or Celine? The 26th President of the United States Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt is the person responsible for giving the famous teddy bear his name.

The story goes back to 1902, the President was called Theodore by his family and friends, but the people and the press all fondly called him Teddy. Actually he did not like that name but he accepted it. The name made him seem more informal to the people he served. One day, the President was helping settle a border dispute between Mississippi and Louisiana. During his spare time, the President attended a bear hunt in Mississippi. There are variations of what exactly happened  on this hunting trip.

Roosevelt loved nature and enjoyed being out in the woods where animals lived. After a few days of riding and climbing and walking, no bears were found. Since he was the President of the United States, many people who organized the hunt wanted to make sure this hunt was successful. The next day, they were happy that they finally found an old bear (according to other stories, it was not an old bear that they found but a little bear cub), so they followed the bear with their hunting dogs for quite a distance until the bear was very tired. The bear was then attacked and injured by the dogs and the guides tied it to a tree for the President to shoot.

After seeing the poor bear, the President Roosevelt refused to kill the old bear (or the cub as in other version of the story). The President told the people that no one should ever shoot this poor bear for sport, that would not be right. The President then ordered his people to release the animal and let it wander off.

An American newspaper heard about this story and decided to publish a cartoon showing Theodore Roosevelt with the bear. Some time later, a toy maker wrote to the president Roosevelt asking for permission to make a cute, soft and beautiful toy bear and named it after him. Ever since thenFree Articles, the Teddy bear has been one of the favorite toys of young children.
 
 In some countries, bear pictures and statues are used as protection, find out more on bear symbol meaning. Teddy bear and rose flower (June birth flower) are many people's favorite choice as a gift for their loved ones on Valentines day, Christmas, birthday and other holidays.

An Insight into the Life of the Grizzly Bear

Heading off on a bear watching wildlife holiday? In certain parts of the world you'll be able to encounter the majestic Grizzly Bear. Learn more here.

There are so many different wildlife holidays from which to choose an adventure, but some of the most exciting are the ones that offer the opportunity to see bears in the wild. From Sweden to Finland and Canada to Alaska, bears have made their home in all corners of the planet.

If you embark on a wildlife holiday in search of bears, it's helpful to equip yourself with some useful research before you go. While the best wildlife holiday companies will provide an expert guide to accompany your trip, it's handy to have some knowledge beforehand.

If you go to Canada or North America, it is most likely the Grizzly Bear that you'll be hoping to see – these animals are a subspecies of the Brown Bear.

The Family Life of the Grizzly

No matter where these magnificent creatures live, there are common lifestyle elements that resonate.

Mating: They tend to mate in the springtime after males and females have courted for up to a week. Courting involves mating several times, as well as eating and sleeping together.

Summer: Females spend most of their life with their young while males roam solitarily, unless of course they are mating or fishing for salmon. Even though mating happens in spring, the embryo does not become implanted until the autumn, and the female spends the summer eating and putting on weight in preparation for nursing. This evolutionary adaptation is very effective, as at times when food is least abundant the embryo will not embed, leaving the mother with enough of her own resources to keep herself alive.

Winter: Grizzly Bears hibernate over the winter months in dens that they make by excavating a tunnel like cave into the ground. They may make their den softer and more comfortable with grass and other vegetation. Hibernation is a deep sleep during which the metabolism and the heart rate slow, no food or drink is consumed, and no waste is excreted.

Cubs: Cubs are born in the den in January or February, and as many as four cubs can be born at one time. Hairless and blind, the cubs start to feast immediately on their mother’s milk. When they leave the den, the mother must eat voraciously to replenish. Cubs have a tough job in order to survive and need to avoid getting undernourished or diseased - and also stay out of the way of adult males. For those that do survive, there is much fun to be had, playing and learning life skills. Female youngsters may go off and inhabit a range that overlaps their mother’s but young males will go further afield to establish their own turf. You may well be lucky enough to see a mother with her cubs if you plan your wildlife holiday at the right time, and it's a truly magical experience.
 
Marissa Ellis-Snow is a freelance nature writer. If you’re looking for a wildlife holiday, Naturetrek specialises in expert-led natural history and wildlife tours worldwide. Naturetrek brings over 25 years of experience to polar expeditions and tours to other spectacular regions on Earth.

Friday, July 22, 2016

Blair Bear - The Ultimate Teddy Bear.

A popular stuffed toy bear, teddy bear is usually stuffed with white, soft cotton and have soft and smooth fur. Im sure many of you have owned this cuddly bear, but have you ever wonder why teddy bear called Teddy? Why not Jimmy or Calvin or Celine? The 26th President of the United States Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt is the person responsible for giving the famous teddy bear his name.

The story goes back to 1902, the President was called Theodore by his family and friends, but the people and the press all fondly called him Teddy. Actually he did not like that name but he accepted it. The name made him seem more informal to the people he served. One day, the President was helping settle a border dispute between Mississippi and Louisiana. During his spare time, the President attended a bear hunt in Mississippi. There are variations of what exactly happened  on this hunting trip.

Roosevelt loved nature and enjoyed being out in the woods where animals lived. After a few days of riding and climbing and walking, no bears were found. Since he was the President of the United States, many people who organized the hunt wanted to make sure this hunt was successful. The next day, they were happy that they finally found an old bear (according to other stories, it was not an old bear that they found but a little bear cub), so they followed the bear with their hunting dogs for quite a distance until the bear was very tired. The bear was then attacked and injured by the dogs and the guides tied it to a tree for the President to shoot.

After seeing the poor bear, the President Roosevelt refused to kill the old bear (or the cub as in other version of the story). The President told the people that no one should ever shoot this poor bear for sport, that would not be right. The President then ordered his people to release the animal and let it wander off.

An American newspaper heard about this story and decided to publish a cartoon showing Theodore Roosevelt with the bear. Some time later, a toy maker wrote to the president Roosevelt asking for permission to make a cute, soft and beautiful toy bear and named it after him. Ever since thenHealth Fitness Articles, the Teddy bear has been one of the favorite toys of young children.

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

The Different Kinds of Bear

In North America there are a number of different kinds of bear. The commonest bear is the black bear. The large bear of the western United States is the grizzly bear.

In North America there are a number of different kinds of bear. The commonest bear is the black bear. This bear lives in the woods and mountains from Canada to Mexico. He usually weighs between two and three hundred pounds. The brown bear is simply a black bear of a lighter color. Sometimes the brown bear is called the cinnamon bear. The large bear of the western United States is the grizzly bear. The fur of the grizzly may be any shade from bright brown to a blackish-gray. Sometimes the tips of the hairs are a silvery gray. Such bears are known by the name silvertip. The grizzly may weigh as much as a thousand pounds. Grizzly bears have been so ruthlessly hunted that they have almost become extinct.

They are found now mostly in the national parks, where they are protected. One of the spectacles that thrills the tourists in Yellowstone National Park is to watch the grizzly bears being fed, early on a summer evening. The largest bear of all lives in Alaska. This huge brown bear is known as the Kodiak bear. It is the largest living flesheating animal. These bears sometimes weigh as much as 1,500 pounds. The polar bear lives in the far north. It has white fur. This makes it almost invisible against the snow and ice of the Arctic regions, and helps it to sneak up on its prey. The polar bear is a good swimmer and it catches most of its food in the water. It eats fish, seals, and other arctic animals. Polar bears do not hibernate.

They remain active during the entire year. The mother bear burrows in the ice or in snow drifts when the cubs are born. It takes several months before the cubs are able to get around and take care of themselves. The polar bear can walk on the. ice because the soles of its feet are covered with long hairs. This keeps them warm and prevents them from slipping. In Europe the brown bear used to be very common, but now it is almost extinct. A few are still found in some of the heavily-forested parts of the continent. Large numbers of these bears still live in Russia and in northern Asia. They are closely related to our grizzly bears. The only bear found in South America is the "spectacled bear," which lives in the Andes Mountains.

In Africa there is one kind of bear. It lives in the north, in the Atlas Mountains. Very few of these Atlas bears have been found in recent years and it is feared that they will soon become extinct. In the highest parts of the Himalaya Mountains, in TibetFree Web Content, lives the Tibetan black bear. Few people have ever seen this animal. Bears have played a large role in folklore and mythology. In ancient times the Great Bear and the Little Bear were supposed to roam the skies. Two groups of stars have taken their names from this. The star group called the Great Bear is known to most people as the Big Dipper. The two lower stars of the bowl of this dipper point to the North Star. The North Star is the brightest star in the group of the Little Bear.